Using research evidence to address how an option will be implemented

by Atle Fretheim, Susan Munabi-Babigumira, Andrew D Oxman, John N Lavis, Simon Lewin | Dec 16, 2009

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Abstract

After a policy decision has been made, the next key challenge is transforming this stated policy position into practical actions. What strategies, for instance, are available to facilitate effective implementation, and what is known about the effectiveness of such strategies?

We suggest five questions that can be considered by policymakers when implementing a health policy or programme. These are:

  1. What are the potential barriers to the successful implementation of a new policy?
  2. What strategies should be considered in planning the implementation of a new policy in order to facilitate the necessary behavioural changes among healthcare recipients and citizens?
  3. What strategies should be considered in planning the implementation of a new policy in order to facilitate the necessary behavioural changes in healthcare professionals?
  4. What strategies should be considered in planning the implementation of a new policy in order to facilitate the necessary organisational changes?
  5. What strategies should be considered in planning the implementation of a new policy in order to facilitate the necessary systems changes?